|Page #||Reading / Comment|
|On the Study Methods of our Time: by Giambattista Vico (written in 1709 CE)|
|Vico is best known for his verum factum principle, first formulated in 1710 as part of his De Italorum Sapientia. The principle states that truth is verified through creation or invention and not, as per Descartes, through observation: “The criterion and rule of the true is to have made it. Accordingly, our clear and distinct idea of the mind cannot be a criterion of the mind itself, still less of other truths. For while the mind perceives itself, it does not make itself.” This criterion for truth would later shape the history of civilization in Vico’s opus, the Scienza Nuova (The New Science, 1725), since he would argue that civil life — like mathematics — is wholly constructed.||Wiki|
asks, "What factors make up every method of study?"
It seems that the focus of this paper will be epistemology. Vico is in contracts to Descartes [day-cart] and is a contemporary to Hume.
|13||Vico says, "…the main purpose [of speculative criticism] is to cleanse its fundamental truths not only of all falsity, but also of the mere suspicion of error, places upon the same plane of falsity not only false thinking, but also thos secondary verities and ideas where are base on probability alone, and commands us to clear our minds of them."|
|My definition of truth: Truth is what is left after you have falsified all alternatives. When some alternatives remain, truth becomes probability.|
|13||It is a positive fact that, just as knowledge originates in truth and error in falsity, so common sense arises from perceptions based on verisimilitude (probable truths). Probabilities stand, so to speak, midway between truth and falsity, since things which most of the time are true, are only very seldom false.|
|14||Vico warns not to blunt a childs venture into the arts. Imagination should be encouraged.|